What a lot can change in just a few years! When I wrote the original version of this post in January 2014, the local SEO industry didn't have quite the wealth of paid tools that now exists, and many of the freebies on my previous list have been sunsetted. Definitely time for a complete refresh of the most useful free tools, widgets, and resources I know of to make marketing local businesses easier and better.
While all of the tools below are free, note that some will require you to sign up for access. Others are limited, no-cost, or trial versions that let you get a good sense of what they provide, enabling you to consider whether it might be worth it to buy into paid access. One thing you may notice: my new list of local SEO tools offers increased support for organic SEO tasks, reflective of our industry's growing understanding of how closely linked organic and local SEO have become.
Now, let's open this toolkit and get 2018 off to a great start!
US Census Bureau Tool Set
Looking to better understand a target community for marketing purposes? You'll find 20+ useful resources from the US Census Bureau, including population statistics, economic data, mapping and geocoding widgets, income and language information, and much more.
Client Onboarding Questionnaire & Phone Script
Onboarding a new client? Reduce repetitious follow-ups by asking all of the right questions the first time around with this thorough questionnaire and easy-to-follow phone call script from Moz. Includes helpful tips for why you are asking each question. As local SEO veterans will tell you, a missed question can lead to unhappy (and costly) surprises down the marketing road. Be sure you have the total picture of an incoming client in clear view before you begin strategizing.
Location Information Spreadsheet
Vital when marketing multi-location businesses, this free Moz spreadsheet will ensure that you've got all the info at your fingertips about each locale of a company.
*Pro tip: When working with large enterprises, be certain that the data you're inputting in this spreadsheet has been approved by all relevant departments. It's really no fun to find out six months into a marketing campaign that there's internal disagreement about company NAP or other features.
Local Competitive Audit Spreadsheet
Now we're really getting down to brass tacks. When you need to look for answers to the perennial client question, "Why is that guy outranking me?", this free Moz spreadsheet will help you document key competitive data. The end result of filling out the sheet will be two columns of stats you can compare and contrast in your quest to discover competitors' ranking strengths and weaknesses. Need more guidance? Read my blog post in which I put this audit spreadsheet into action for two San Francisco Bay Area Chinese restaurants.
Manual GeoLocation Chrome Extension
Watch Darren Shaw demo using this tool to show how a local pack changes when a user virtually crosses a street and you'll quickly understand how useful this Chrome extension will be in approximating the impacts of user-to-business proximity. Works well on desktop devices.
Our industry still hasn't fully recovered from Google removing the Local Search filter from its engine in 2015, and I still live in hope that they will bring it back one day, but in the meantime, this extension gives us a good sense of how searcher location affects search results. In fact, it may even be a superior solution.
The MozBar SEO Toolbar
Local businesses in competitive markets must master traditional SEO, and the free MozBar provides a wonderful introduction to the metrics you need to look at in analyzing the organic strengths and weaknesses of clients and competitors. On-page elements, link metrics, markup, HTTP status, optimization opportunities - get the data you need at a glance with the MozBar.
Google Advanced Search Operators
Not a tool, per se, but the best tutorial I have ever seen on using Google advanced search operators to deepen your research. Dr. Pete breaks this down into 67 steps that will enable you to use these search refinements for content and title research, checking for plagiarism, technical SEO audits, and competitive intelligence. Be totally wizardly and impress your clients and teammates, simply by knowing how to format searches in smart ways.
Google Search Console
Apologies if it already seems like a no-brainer to you that you should be signed up for Google's console that gives you analytics, alerts you to serious errors, and so much more, but local SEO is just now crossing the threshold of understanding how deeply connected it is to organic search. When playing in Google's backyard, GSC is a must-have for businesses of every type.
BrightLocal's Search Results Checker
This popular tool does an excellent job of replicating local search results at a city or zip code level. In some cases, it's best to search by city (for example, when there are multiple towns covered by a single zip code), but other times, it's better search by zip code (as in the case of a large city with multiple zip codes). The tool doesn't have the capability to recreate user-level results, so always remember that the proximity of a given user to a business may create quite different results than what you'll see searching at a city or zip code level. I consider this a great tool to suss out the lay of the land in a community, identifying top competitors.
Offline Conversion Tracker Form
Give this handy Whitespark form to anyone who answers your phone so that they can document the answer to the important question, "How did you hear about us?" Submitted information is saved to Whitespark's database and tracked in Google Analytics for your future reference and analysis. For local businesses, knowledge of offline factors can be priceless. This form provides a simple point of entry into amassing real-world data.
Answer the Public
One of the best-loved keyword research tools in the digital marketing world, Answer the Public lets you enter a keyword phrase and generate a large number of questions/topics related to your search. One of the most awesome facets of this tool is that it has a.CSV download feature - perfect for instantly generating large lists of keywords that you can input into something like Moz Keyword Explorer to begin the sorting process that turns up the most powerful keywords for your content dev and on-page optimization.
Another great content inspiration tool, Buzzsumo shows you lets you enter a keyword, topic or domain name, and then shows you which pieces are getting the most social shares. For example, a search for wholefoodsmarket.com shows that a highly shared piece of content at the time of my search is about an asparagus and broccoli soup. You can also sort by content type (articles, videos, infographics, etc.). Use of Buzzsumo can help you generate topics that might be popular if covered on your website.
OSHA Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) System Search
Another interesting resource for brainstorming a wide pool of potential keywords for content dev consideration, OSHA's SIC search returns big, comprehensive lists. Just look up your industry's SIC code, and then enter it along with a keyword/category to get your list.
USPS Look Up a ZIP Code Widget
Working with service area businesses (SABs)? Note the second tab in the menu of this widget: Cities by zip code. When you know the zip code of a business you're marketing you can enter it into this simple tool to get a list of every city in that zip. Now, let's not take a wrong step here: don't publish large blocks of zips or city names on any website, but do use this widget to be sure you know of all the communities for which an SAB might strategize content, link building, brand building, real-world relationship building, social media marketing, and PPC.
Rather than list a single tool here, I'm going to take the advice of my friend, schema expert David Deering, who has taught me that no one tool is perfect. In David's opinion, there isn't currently a schema/JSON-LD generator that does it all, which is why he continues to build this type of markup manually. That being said, if you're new to Schema, these generators will get you started:
Moz Check Listing
I can say without bias that I know of no free tool that does a better job of giving you a lightning-fast overview of the health of a local business' listings. On the phone with a new prospect? Just plug in the name and zip and see how complete and accurate the company's citations are on the sources that matter most, including the major local business data aggregators (Acxiom, Factual, Infogroup, Localeze) plus key platforms like Google My Business, Facebook, Yelp, YP, and more.
Literally at a glance, you can tell if inconsistencies and duplicate listings are holding a business back. It can also be used for competitive analysis, defining whether a clean or messy citation set is impacting competitors. The value of the free Check Listing tool becomes most fully realized by signing up for the paid Moz Local product, which automates aggregator-level listing management even at an enterprise level with hundreds or thousands of listings, and offers options for review monitoring, ranking analysis, and more.
Whitespark's Local Citation Finder (free version)
The free version of this cool tool from our friends at Whitespark will give you a sense of how the paid version can help you discover additional places, beyond the basics, where you might want to get listed. It also analyzes your competitors' citations.
The Hoth's Online Business Review Checker Tool
You'll have to sign up, but this free tool gives you an overview report of a local business' reviews on a variety of platforms. This is a smart thing to do for every incoming client, to gauge reputation strengths and weaknesses. The state of a company's reviews indicates whether it has an offline problem that needs to be corrected at a real-world structural level, or if its core challenge is a lack of strategy for simply earning a competitive number of positive reviews.
Free Review Monitoring
Need to know when a new review comes in on a major or industry-specific review site? Signing up for this free tool will send you email alerts so that you can respond quickly. Watch the little video and pay attention to its statement that the majority of unhappy customers will consider visiting a business again if it quickly resolves a complaint. Good to know!
Review Handout Generator
Another freebie from Whitespark in partnership with Phil Rozek, this very simple resource lets you enter some business info and generate a printable handout your public-facing staff can give to customers. Active review management has become a must in even moderately competitive geo-industries. How nice to have a physical asset to offer your customers to get more of those reviews rolling in!
Google Review Link Generator
Google's local product has gone through so many iterations that finding a link to point consumers to when requesting a GMB review has been foolishly difficult at times. Whitespark helps out again, at least for brick-and-mortar businesses, with this easy widget that lets you enter your business info and generate a shareable link. Unfortunately, SABs or home-based businesses with hidden addresses can't use this tool, but for other business models, this widget works really well.
Whenever your business gets mentioned on Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, LinkedIn, Reddit, and a variety of other platforms, Notify uses Slack or HipChat to send you an alert. By being aware of important conversations taking place about your brand, and participating in them, your business can achieve an excellent status of responsiveness. Social media has become part of the customer service environment, so a tool like this comes in very handy.
A free trial is available for this app which acts as serious analytics for Twitter. If Twitter is a favorite platform in your industry, definitely give this resource a spin. Understand the characteristics of your followers, find and connect with influencers, and use data to improve your outreach.
Character Count Online
I use this ultra-basic tool all of the time for three specific tasks. Some social platforms either have character limits and don't always have counters, or (like Google Posts) truncate your social messaging so that only a limited snippet appear at the highest interface. Just plug in your text and see the character count.
And, of course, you'll want a character counter to be sure your on-page title tags and meta descriptions read right in the SERPs.
My third use for this counter relates to content marketing. Most publications have character count parameters for the pieces they will accept. Here on the Moz Blog, we're not into length limits, because we believe thorough coverage is the right coverage of important topics. But, when I'm invited to blog elsewhere, I have to rein myself in and be sure I haven't galloped past that 800-character limit. If you've found that to be a problem, too, a character counter can keep you on-track as you write. Whoa, horsie!
So, what did I miss?
If you're saying to yourself right now, "I can't believe this totally awesome free local SEO tool I use every week isn't included," please share it with our community in the comments. One thing I know I'd love to find a free solution for would be a tool that does review sentiment analysis. Paid solutions exist for this, but I've yet to encounter a freebie.
My criteria for a great tool is that it makes work better, stronger, faster... or is that the intro to The Six Million Dollar Man? Well, Steve Austin had some amazing capabilities (and a cool 70s jogging suit, to boot!), and I'm hoping you'll feel kitted up for success, too, with this list of free tools in the year ahead.