Why do you need to learn how to survive a nuclear attack?
I didn't think I needed an answer to this question in my lifetime, until of course North Korea's most successful intercontinental ballistic missile test, the Hwasong-15. It changed everything. The missile's range is approximately 8,100 miles (13,000 kilometers) and can hit anywhere in the U.S., from New York to Los Angeles and all of Europe. Lucky for you we have a practical guide to help you survive.
The scientific principles answering the question, how do you survive a nuclear attack? Were developed during the U.S. nuclear weapons tests from the 1940s-1960s and remain valid today!
Step 1. Listen for a Public Alert Announcement.
You may receive a warning from your local emergency management organization to shelter in place, either through text, radio or television. Immediately go inside and close all your doors, windows and fire dampers. Use duct tape and plastic to seal the seams in all your rooms. Shut off your ventilation, prepare an area to eliminate waste and gather your emergency kit and survival food.
Step 2. Drop & Cover when you see a flash.
Stay down behind cover for two minutes. If you are outside and don't have access to a building, cover yourself with anything including a newspaper, it can prevent burns from nuclear fallout. Keep your eyes closed during the bright light to prevent blindness. If you have a survival blanket in your disaster kit, unfold it and use as required.
Step 3. Shelter-in-place for about two weeks
Nuclear fallout loses 90% of its radioactivity in the first 7 hours after a detonation and an additional 90% for every 7-fold increase in time. After 49 hours (~ two days) there would be a 99% decrease in radioactivity, and after two weeks there would be a 99.9 % decrease. If you decided to wait two weeks if not a month, ensure you have enough more meals, emergency water rations and survival supplies for you and your family.
Step 4. Look for nuclear fallout
Nuclear fallout looks like sand, ash or grit as it falls and accumulates on the ground. If no fallout is visible on the ground, there is no radiation! To be sure, place a piece of white paper on a dinner plate or anything with a smooth surface on the ground & check every 15 minutes for fallout particles.
You can prepare for a nuclear attack, follow the above suggestions, get an emergency kit and start protecting yourself and your family.